In these days of budget cuts and limited resources, it’s often the case that fine arts classes are the first to be cut. Such a thesis is virtually impossible to prove, but he does offer two pieces of evidence to back up his assertion. The first uses data from the 1993 General Sociology Survey, conducted by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. The 1,500 respondents were asked to rate 18 genres of music on a scale of 1 (strongly dislike) to 5 (strongly like). Their verbal intelligence was measured by a test in which they selected a synonym for a word out of five candidates. Verbal intelligence is known to be highly correlated with general intelligence,” Kanazawa writes. He found that net of age, race, sex, education, family income, religion, current and past marital status and number of children, more intelligent Americans are more likely to prefer instrumental music such as big band, classical and easy listening than less-intelligent Americans.” In contrast, they were no more likely to enjoy the other, vocal-heavy genres than those with lower intelligence scores. A similar survey was given as part of the British Cohort Study, which includes all babies born in the U.K. in the week of April 5, 1970. In 1986, when the participants were 16 years old, they were asked to rate their preference for 12 musical genres. They also took the same verbal intelligence test. Like the Americans, the British teens who scored high marks for intelligence were more likely than their peers to prefer instrumental music, but no more likely to enjoy vocal selections. He also studied at the Victorian Academy of the Arts and exhibited there in 1876 and again from 1879 to 1882, selling his first painting View Near Fisherman’s Bend in 1880. During this period his father passed away, and the responsibility for running the family’s bakery business fell on Frederick. Goodrich, Lloyd, and John I.H. Baur. American Art of Our Century. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, for the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1961. Background music refers to a mode of musical performance in which the music is not intended to be a primary focus of potential listeners, but its content, character, and volume level are deliberately chosen to affect behavioral and emotional responses in humans such a concentration, relaxation, distraction, and excitement. Listeners are uniquely subject to background music with no control over its volume and content. The range of responses created are of great variety, and even opposite, depending on numerous factors such as, setting, culture, audience, and even time of day. The Classic Spirit in 20th Century Art. Exh. cat. New York: Sidney Janis Gallery, 1964.
Haslbeck, F.B. (2012). Music therapy for premature infants and their parents: An integrative review. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 21(3), 203-226. Jäger, Joachim. Ellsworth Kelly.” Die Maler und ihre Skulpturen: von Edgar Degas bis Gerhard Richter. Exh. cat. Köln: Dumont, 1997: 242-245. Digital art has now become a recognisable art form and medium as technology has provided new ways for artists to bare their soul and explore their creativity. This new expression allows artists to use a multitude of techniques before arriving at their final piece which could include photography and photographic manipulation, scans and pure free flow using one of many professional drawing packages such as Adobe’s PhotoShop. The same principles of quality and skill still apply to these new creative forms as any other medium and should be treated accordingly. Like traditional art, digital art can take many weeks and months to create and perfect. It is also true that all listening is not the same. In terms of our daily interactions with sound, we are constantly bombarded with all types of sounds, both chosen and unchosen. Kassabian (2013) calls the constant presence of music in modern life ubiquitous listening.” Children are also inundated with sounds that enhance life or distract from it, dividing children’s already fragile attention and making it difficult for them to filter out unwanted noises and focus. John Berggruen Gallery Works on Paper. Exh. cat. San Francisco: John Berggruen Gallery, 1988. Teens’ reported changes in perceptions of pain and mood following music therapy, with most experiencing decreased pain and decreased negative emotions such as anger and anxiety. They commented on the importance of individualizing therapy, including the ability to choose preferred music. The presence and interaction with the MT was perceived to be an important part of the therapy. Preparation for surgery was a strong theme. Most participants thought that it would be useful to know about music therapy before surgery. Suggestions were to hear advice from previous SF patients, know how music therapy would help, bring preferred music, and practice relaxation with the music preoperatively. The iPad was the suggested technology for watching and listening to pre-recorded music in the hospital. The subject of Catriona Milllar’s paintings is almost exclusively people. Her fascination with faces and the sensuality of flesh dictate her muse, while her intensely layered application creates a story that unfolds with each stroke. It is perhaps this strong connection with her subject matter that art collectors have been drawn to providing Catriona with incredible and unexpected sucess.
Cathro, M., & Devine, A. (2012). Music therapy and social inclusion. Mental Health Practice, 16(1), 33-36. Reschke-Hernandez, A.E. (2012). Music-based intervention reporting for children with autism: Implications for music therapy publication guidelines. Music Therapy Perspectives, 30(2), 167-175. Wilmes, Ulrich. Black and White.” Ellsworth Kelly Black & White. Exh. cat. Munich: Haus der Kunst; Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2011: 2-21. Foreword by Okwui Enwezor and Alexander Klar; essays by Ulrich Wilmes, Jörg Daur, Alexander Klar, and Carter E. Foster; translated by Bronwen Saunders The text is also published in a German edition of this catalogue. Glitter Tattoos are fun, flashy and fantastic, darling! The design is ALL GLITTER, so you can’t go wrong. Your choice of a wide variety of jewel-tones. The glitter sticks to the skin using a safe and hypo-allegenic, non-toxic, non-latex-based body-adhesive that is made especially for the skin. Rhinestones and hand-applied accents can be added for extra-cool effects. These water-resistant tattoos take minutes to apply, yet can last days – even after swimming! If necessary, Glitter Tattoos can be easily removed with rubbing alcohol or baby oil. For the typically objective Sheeler, The Artist Looks at Nature is an unusual work because it represents an imaginary scene. Here we see the artist outdoors, but what is before him is not what is on his easel. The unfinished work reproduces Interior with Stove (1932; National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC), a much earlier Conté-crayon drawing based on an even earlier photograph by the artist. Thus, in the Art Institute’s painting, we see Sheeler almost playfully reconstructing his own past over a period of more than twenty-five years, emphasizing the self-referential nature of his art and suggesting the interchange between the representational modes of photography and painting. One of Sheeler’s most complex yet charming works, The Artist Looks at Nature implies much about the ironies and ambiguities of art in the last century. Hashemian, P., Mashoogh, N., & Jarahi, L. (2015). Effectiveness of music therapy on aggressive behavior of visually impaired adolescents. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 5(3), 96-100. Animal vocalizations are typically categorized as either ‘songs’ or ‘calls’, although there is no consensus on how to distinguish between the two. Ethologist Nikolaas Tinbergen emphasized the functional role of song in mate selection and territorial defense, whereas ornithologist W.H. Thorpe distinguished between songs and calls on the basis of duration and complexity, considering the longer and more complex vocalizations to be songs. More recently, cognitive scientists such as Tecumseh Fitch have focused on whether a vocal behavior is learned or innate, treating all learned vocalizations as songs and all innate vocalizations as calls, regardless of their aesthetic qualities. This ‘vocal learning’ model has become influential, in part because vocal learning species tend to be those that most frequently display proto-musical behaviors. Moreover, rhythmic entrainment has until now only been reported in vocal learning species.
Stouffer, J.W., Shirk, B.J., & Polomano, R.C. (2007). Practice guidelines for music interventions with hospitalized pediatric patients. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 22(6), 448-456. It is suggested that brain of a musician (even a very young one) works differently to the brain of a non-musician. In fact, A 2009 study which investigated brain imaging in children concluded that there were ‘structural brain differences’ between children who had attended weekly music lessons and those who had not. 1965 Annual Exhibition: Contemporary American Painting. Exh. cat. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1965. Layman, D., Hussey, D., & Laing, S. (2002). Music therapy assessment for severely emotionally disturbed children: A pilot study. Journal of Music Therapy, 39(3), 164-187. Suzuki, M., Isowa, T., & Kanamori, M. (2006). Research trends and issues recognized by nurses regarding music therapy among the elderly persons with dementia. Japanese Journal of Nursing Research, 39(4), 31-46. Tanriverdi,, & Aydemir, N.F. (2014). Perspectives of medical oncologists regarding music therapy for patients with cancer in Turkey – Can musicology be integrated into psycho-oncology? Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 14(11), 6537-6540. His long-time dealer, Anna Schwartz, has since announced that her gallery’s pre-COVID installed exhibition of Nixon’s work, Groups + Pairs 2016 – 2020, would remain on public display until the end of 2020 as a memoriam. Varnedoe, Kirk. Pictures of Nothing: Abstract Art Since Pollock. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art and Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006. Hoge, James. Art Institute Awards to Non-Chicagoans Dismay Local Artists.” Chicago Sun-Times, 2 December 1959. The Grey Art Gallery is New York University’s fine arts museum, located on historic Washington Square Park in New York City’s Greenwich Village. It offers the NYU community and the general public a dynamic roster of engaging and thought-provoking exhibitions, all of them enriched by public programs. With its emphasis on experimentation and interpretation, and its focus on studying art in its historical, cultural, and social contexts, the Grey serves as a museum-laboratory for the exploration of art’s environments. York, E. (1994). The development of a quantitative music skills test for patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Music Therapy, 31(4), 280-296. Gullick, J.G., & Kwan, X.X. (2015). Patient-directed music therapy reduces anxiety and sedation exposure in mechanically-ventilated patients: A research critique. Australian Critical Care, 28(2), 103-105.
Composition” is the act or practice of creating a song, an instrumental music piece, a work with both singing and instruments, or another type of music. In many cultures, including Western classical music, the act of composing also includes the creation of music notation, such as a sheet music score”, which is then performed by the composer or by other singers or musicians. In popular music and traditional music, the act of composing, which is typically called songwriting, may involve the creation of a basic outline of the song, called the lead sheet, which sets out the melody, lyrics and chord progression. In classical music, the composer typically orchestrates his or her own compositions, but in musical theatre and in pop music, songwriters may hire an arranger to do the orchestration. In some cases, a songwriter may not use notation at all, and instead compose the song in her mind and then play or record it from memory. In jazz and popular music, notable recordings by influential performers are given the weight that written scores play in classical music. Examines the development of rock-and-roll and its relationship to blues, rhythm and blues, country, folk, and other styles of music. Considers themes such as the role of rock as youth music, the reflections of social realities in rock songs, the relationship of rock to the recording industry and the mass media, and the changing styles of rock. Emphasizes listening skills. Bruce Museum of Arts and Science, Greenwich, CT. The Surrealist Vision: Europe and the Americas. 17 January – 5 April 1998. Catalogue. Rose, Barbara and Ellsworth Kelly. Ellsworth Kelly: Paintings and Sculptures, 1963-1979. Exh. cat. Amsterdam: Stedelijk Museum, 1979. Text is in Dutch and English. Hunter, Sam. The 180 Beacon Collection of Contemporary Art. Exh. cat. Boston: 180 Beacon Street Tenants, 1967. White, Michelle. Between Land and Sea: Artists of the Coenties Slip. Exh. brochure. Houston: The Menil Collection, 2017. Yevgeniy Fiks is participating in an exhibition organized by the art editors of the journals Rethinking Marxism and New Marxian Times at Herter Art Gallery, University of Massachusetts, Amherst from November 10 to December 10, 2009. Fabre, Gladys. Les Monochromes Lumiére Comme Espace-Temps Ou La Couleur Comme Devenir – Du suprématisme á l’unisme polonais, du groupe Zero á Opalka.” Le Monochrome de Malevich à aujourd’hui. Exh. cat. Paris: Edition du Regard, 2004: 89-117. The text is also published in a Spanish edition for the Madrid venue of the exhibition. Direct imitations of, or reference to, sound outside the framework of musical discourse are relatively uncommon elements in most European and North American music. In fact, musical structures often seem to be objectively related to either: a nothing outside themselves; or b their occurrence in similar guise in other music; or c their own context within the piece of music in which they (already) occur. At the same time, it would be silly to treat music as a self-contained system of sound combinations because changes in musical style are found in conjunction with (accompanying, preceding, following) change in the society and culture of which the music is part.