American Abstract expressionist painter Franz Kline was born on May 23rd 1910 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. As well as his work on the composition of shapes and colours, Kandinsky had synesthesia. His condition can be seen as a decisive factor in triggering the artist’s desire to create a new artistic language. His senses intertwined and became one, transforming sounds into shapes and colours. Kandinsky’s use of colour is much more than a question of aesthetics; it was inherent to the way he perceived the world. In this abstract painting, each colour has been carefully chosen and is filled with symbolic meaning. In his abstract two-dimensional painting, Kandinsky succeeds in ensuring that the spectator can feel and hear an entire orchestra playing a Wagner opera. Weber, S. (2000). Remembering and Forgiving. In D. Aldridge (Ed.),Â Music Therapy in Dementia CareÂ (pp. 184-194). London: Jessica Kingsley. But, before rhythm, lets talk about pulse. Like every living organism, music has a pulse – beats (like that of the heart). And although we not always hear it, it is always there. Do you remember when children learn to clap their hands to follow songs? There is a constant, implicit, beat that happens periodically. In some cases, it is in fact played by instruments. For example, in Australian aboriginal music it is often played by clap sticks. Most contemporary artists do not draw rigid distinctions between high art and popular culture. For instance, a number of contemporary artists embrace traditional techniques of fiber art but use them to create unorthodox forms or address current social and political issues. Along these lines, Ghada Amer has used thread to embroider on canvas repeated motifs of nude women engaged in sexual acts, then partially obscured the embroidered images with gestural painted brushstrokes. Her themes include the expression and repression of female sexuality and eroticism in both Western and Islamic societies. Another example of intermixing visual cultures is the complex array of interactions between science and contemporary art , with many artists engaging with scientific imagery and ideas in their practice. For example, Wim Delvoye ‘s ongoing series called Cloaca imagines humans as cyborgs, representing the human digestive system as a kind of biomechanical contraption. Finally, many 21st-century artists are deeply affected by their immersion in global visual culture, which is now made vividly present through online networks. Many artists maintain a personal website, and some create art expressly for dissemination through social media. As always, new technologies provide new opportunities and challenges.
Osborne, J. (2003). Art and the child with autism: Therapy or education?Â Early Child Development and Care, 173(4), 411-423. Ockelford, A., & Welch, G. (2012). Mapping Musical Development in Learners with the Most Complex Needs: The Sounds of Intent Project. In G. McPherson & G. Welch (Eds.),Â The Oxford Handbook of Music EducationÂ (Vol. 2, pp. 11-30). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Storr, Robert. The Map Room: A Visitor’s Guide. Exh. cat. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1994. Most portrait paintings of the time that Mona Lisa was painted had something to indicate who the sitter was such as a family name or some emblem. Unfortunately, that’s not the case with Leonardo’s famous painting. No information could be found among Leonardo’s papers when he died and the painting itself is unsigned and undated. Returning to Chicago in 2018 after a nine-year hiatus, Melanee Cooper Gallery displays contemporary paintings, fiber art, photographer and ceramics in a River North space (the very same venue that hostedÂ the gallery previously). Cooper is a veteran of Chicago’s art scene, having run galleries in Lakeview and Lincoln Park that highlighted work by Midwestern artists. Vivid (exhibition brochure). Text by David Ryan. London: Richard Salmon Gallery, 2001: illustrated. Sandler, Irving.Â The Triumph of American Painting (includes artist’s statements). New York: Praeger, 1970. A form of glazing, using opaque paint over a painted surface that allows the paint underneath to show through. Scumbling can be done with a paint brush or rag to create layers of colour and texture. Metropolitan Museum of Art. FranÃ§ois Boucher. Exh. cat., New York, 1986. Many of Burchfield’s paintings, such as “The Insect Chorus,” and “Autumnal Fantasy,” celebrate the hauntingly beautiful world of nature with the use of symbols (for movement, sensation, and sound), which are intended to draw the viewer into the painting as a participant rather than viewer. Baur, John I. H., The Face of the Fifties. Exh. cat. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Museum of Art, 1961. Please enjoy this video portrait where artist Regina Scully speaks about the commonality between her abstract works and the paintings of the 18th and 19th century Edo-period Japanese artists. Her current exhibition at the New Orleans Museum of Art is on view through October 8th, 2017. Charles MacQueen paintings can be extremely textured. He uses textured levels of paint and gesso to create the feeling, sensation or experience of specific places. Charles says of his paintings “The forms I use are forms remembered or dreamt about. The stark visual contrasts of moving between strong blinding sunlight and dark bazaars full of rich reds, golds and turquoise inhabit my paintings. This is like being put down to sleep in a darkened room with strong sumlight streaming through the shutters. This is not representation but an evocation”.
Woodward, A. (2004). Music therapy for autistic children and their families: A creative spectrum.Â British Journal of Music Therapy,Â 18(1), 8-24. Langan, D. (2009). A music therapy assessment tool for special education: Incorporating education outcomes.Â Australian Journal of Music Therapy,Â 20, 78-98. Rubbings: Impressions taken by placing a sheet of thin paper over a textured surface and then working across it with a crayon, chalk, etc. Provides introductory-level study of piano designed for students with or without previous experience. Combines skills in reading music with improvisation and functional piano. Introduces some basic theory to help clarify the structure of class repertoire. Allows students to progress at their own pace. Determines grades by the amount of repertoire mastered during the semester. In 1920, Chagall, his wife, and their daughter shifted to Moscow and to Paris in 1923. In 1937, Marc gained French citizenship. Owing to World War II, however, the family had to flee to Madrid. During 1941-1948, they resided in the United States. Jewish martyrs and Jewish refugees were mostly depicted in most of Chagall’s works of this time. Meanwhile, on September 02, 1944, his wife passed away. The artist did not paint anything for the next nine months. In 1945, however, Chagall struck a romantic relationship with his thirty years old housekeeper, Virginia Haggard McNeil, with whom he even had a son. The couple moved to Paris in 1950. The same year, Marc began with Graphics, coupled with “Cubism” and “Fauvism” influences. Here, Virginia left him for another man in 1952. Later, Chagall married Valentina Brodsky, who was 25 years younger to him. Valentina encouraged him to undertake large artistic projects, for example, the “Cycle Biblical Message,” which was later installed in the National Museum of the Marc Chagall Biblical Message in Nice, France. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate maintenance of music therapy treatment gains concerning relaxation, pain, anxiety, nausea, and perception of music therapy with patients on a surgical oncology unit during an inclusive design. Most of us know what kind of music or song can cheer us up.â€ To treat someone else is something completely different though. Therefore, evidence-based procedures were created for a more pragmatic approach. It is important to differentiate between music therapy and the therapeutic use of music. Music used for patient treatment can be divided into two major categories, namely MT and MM, although the distinction is not always that clear. Kostka, M. (1993). A comparison of selected behaviors of a student with autism in special education and regular music classes.Â Music Therapy Perspectives, 11, 57-60.
In the next phase of the study the boy was given a copy of the novel “Dear John”. Among a number of themes about human relationships the book includes a father with autistic tendencies who is portrayed as distant from his son (John). The subject was asked to read the book and pay particular attention to the relationships between the characters. After a few chapters the boy asked if the father in the book had Autism and what his next assignment would be after reading the book. He was told that his next task was to create a “Soundtrack” by finding five songs that he thought the son in the book might ask his father to listen to in order to improve their relationship. The subject was also asked to write a short paragraph for each song explaining why it might make their relationship better. I quote myself from my article â€˜Science of language’ posted on this website on May 12, 2014. Language and music are among the most cognitively complex uses of sound by humans; language and music share common auditory pathways, common vocal tracts and common syntactic structure in mirror neurons; therefore musical training does help language processing and learning tonal languages (Mandarin, Cantonese and Vietnamese) makes you more musical. However, language and music are not identical as they are processed by different neural networks. Language is correlated with cognition while music is correlated with emotionsâ€. Cognition and emotions are not unconnected as neuroscientists have discovered that listening to and producing music involves a tantalizing mix of practically every human cognitive function. Thus, music has emerged as an invaluable tool to study various aspects of the human brain such as auditory, motor, learning, attention, memory, and emotion. It’s great to have our attention brought to these artists who deserve to be seen far and wide. Thanks for sharing these beautiful paintings with us, John. Fig. 6. Portrait of Athanasius, south side of west wall of Chapel LVI, Monastery of Apa Apollo at Bawit, 6th-7th century, wall painting. J. ClÃ©dat, Le monastÃ¨re et la nÃ©cropole de BaouÃ®tâ€ (Cairo, 1999), 161, fig. 136. Perhaps if we understood more about the relationship between the auditory system and other aspects of human cognitive function, we could reach more people like Sam, Mary, and Sally. For those with neurologic impairments and diseases like Parkinson’s or multiple sclerosis, music therapy is only beginning to be recognized as a promising treatment. In its Primer on Reimbursement,â€ the American Music Therapy Association notes that music therapy is recognized as a viable treatment option, including in federal law and by accrediting agencies. It is included in the Older Americans Act Amendments of 1992 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and recognized by the Rehabilitation Accreditation Commission and the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Health Care Organizations. Even so, the availability of music therapy for the whole range of situations where it could help is gravely limited.