There is very good media coverage of all the various visual arts. The artist used the charcoal quickly and spontaneously, sometimes using its side, sometimes its point. Artists are generally introverts. It makes sense, doing art involves a lot of time alone with just an easel, cigarettes, and insomnia as your companions. If you go mad in isolation, don’t choose art as a major. However, your solitary creative soul will have to network; speaking professionally with art dealers, gallery owners, or clients. A lot of artists are entrepreneurs, meaning that your success will be dependent solely on you. Hudson, Andrew. A Blaze of Color in the Service of Emotion: From the Collection of the National Museum of American Art.” American Art 6, no. 3 (Summer 1992): pp. 100-01. Depression is one of the most serious and frequent mental disorders worldwide. International studies predict that approximately 322 million ( WHO, 2017 ) of the world’s population suffer from a clinical depression. This disorder can occur from infancy to old age, with women being affected more often than men ( WHO, 2017 ). Thus, depression is one of the most common chronic diseases. Depressive suffering is associated with psychological, physical, emotional, and social impairments. This can influence the whole human being in a fundamental way. Without clinical treatment, it has the tendency to recur or to take a chronic course that can lead to loneliness ( Alpass and Neville, 2003 ) and an increasing social isolation ( Teo, 2012 ). Depression can have many causes that range from genetic, over psychological factors (negative self-concept, pessimism, anxiety and compulsive states, etc.) to psychological trauma. In addition, substance abuse ( Neighbors et al., 1992 ) or chronic diseases ( Moussavi et al., 2007 ) can also trigger depression. The colloquial use of the term depressed” has nothing to do with the depression in the clinical sense. The ICD-10 ( WHO, 1992 ) and the DSM-V ( APA, 2013 ) provide a classification based on symptoms, considering the patient’s history and its severity, duration, course and frequency. Within the last two decades, research on the use of music medicine or music therapy to treat depression, showed a growing popularity and several publications have appeared that documented this movement (e.g., Lee, 2000 ; Loewy, 2004 ; Esfandiari and Mansouri, 2014 ; Verrusio et al., 2014 ; Chen et al., 2016 ; Fancourt et al., 2016 ). However, most researchers used a very specific experimental setup ( Hillecke et al., 2005 ) and thus, for example, focused only on one music genre (i.e., classical, modern; instrumental, vocal), used a predefined experimental setup (group or individual) (e.g., Kim et al., 2006 ; Chen et al., 2016 ), or specified precisely the age range (i.e., adolescents, elderly) of participants (e.g., Koelsch et al., 2010 ; Verrusio et al., 2014 ). A recent meta-analysis ( Hole et al., 2015 ) reviewed 72 randomized controlled trials and concluded that music was a notable aid for reducing postoperative symptoms of anxiety and pain.
Thu Sep 24 , 2020