American Abstract expressionist painter Franz Kline was born on May 23rd 1910 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Horesh, T. (2010). Drug Addicts and Their Music: A Story of a Complex Relationship. In D. Aldridge & J. Fachner (Eds.), Music Therapy and Addictions (pp. 57-74). London: Jessica Kingsley. We Love Painting – The Contemporary Art Collection from Misumi Collection. Exh. cat. Tokyo: Museum of Contemporary Art, 2002: 112-114, 218. Kertess, Klaus. Ellsworth Kelly. Exh. cat. New York: Blum Helman Gallery, 1992. Applique: A form of decoration in which pieces of a material are fastened to a surface of the same or another materials to form a design. it is most common in sewing, where cloth cutouts are stitched on a cloth background. Applique is also used in metalwork, and in paper, where it is called découpage. American Artists in the American Ambassador’s Residence in Paris. Exh. cat. New York: Jeanne Greenberg Art Advisory, 1998: cover, 5, 8-9 color repr., 21, 40-41, 55. Repetition is a feature of all music, where sounds or sequences are often repeated. Repetition is nearly as integral to music as the notes themselves. Repetition of music causes repeated firings of certain networks of neurons, strengthening their connections until a persistent pattern is firmly wired in place. Repetition carves out a familiar, rewarding path in our minds, allowing us at once to anticipate and participate in each phrase as we listen. During more than 90 per cent of the time spent listening to music, people are actually hearing passages that they’ve listened to before. Not only is repetition extraordinarily prevalent, but you can make non-musical sounds musical just by repeating them. The speech-to-song illusion reveals that the exact same sequence of sounds can seem either like speech or like music, depending only on whether it has been repeated. Repetition can actually shift your perceptual circuitry such that the segment of sound is heard as music: not thought about as similar to music, or contemplated in reference to music, but actually experienced as if the words were being sung. The speech-to-song illusion suggests something about the very nature of music: that it’s a quality not of the sounds themselves, but of a particular method our brain uses to attend to sounds. The ‘musicalisation’ shifts your attention from the meaning of the words to the contour of the passage (the patterns of high and low pitches) and its rhythms (the patterns of short and long durations), and even invites you to hum or tap along with it. Bensimon, M., Amir, D., & Wolf, Y. (2012). A pendulum between trauma and life: Group music therapy with post-traumatized soldiers. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 39(4), 223-233.