Paintings

Jean Arp, also known as Hans Arp, was a German-French painter, sculptor, and poet. Is it for a special occasion, a charity fundraiser or possibly as a unique photographic gift for your partner? Whatever the reason it’s decision time. Fer, Briony. Outside In.” Ellsworth Kelly: Outside In. Exh. cat. New York: Matthew Marks Gallery, 2015. … Continue reading “Paintings”

Jean Arp, also known as Hans Arp, was a German-French painter, sculptor, and poet. Is it for a special occasion, a charity fundraiser or possibly as a unique photographic gift for your partner? Whatever the reason it’s decision time. Fer, Briony. Outside In.” Ellsworth Kelly: Outside In. Exh. cat. New York: Matthew Marks Gallery, 2015. Universities around the world establish clinics on campus for various uses, including research, opportunities for those in the community to receive services, as well as for students to gain experiences in their field. The purpose of this study was to survey universities with on-campus music therapy clinics to examine and describe the following: (a) number of clients served, (b) groups or individual services primarily offered, (c) if part- or full-time board certified music therapists are employed by the clinic, (d) if board certified music therapists employed are considered university employees, (e) how payment rates, if any, are set and distributed, (f) if private insurance reimbursement is accepted, and (g) if scholarships are available to clients unable to afford services. When the string of a musical instrument is struck, bowed or hammered, many of the harmonics are excited simultaneously. The resulting sound is a superposition of the many tones differing in frequency. The fundamental (lowest frequency) determines the pitch of the sound. Therefore, we have no difficultly in distinguishing the tone of a violin and the tone from a viola of the same pitch – a different combinations of harmonic frequencies are excited when the violin and the viola the play same note as seen in the figure below. Bunt, L., & Marston-Wyld, J. (1995). Where words fail music takes over: A collaborative study by a music therapist and a counselor in the context of cancer care. Music Therapy Perspectives, 13(1), 46-50. Control groups, who received an alternative (i.e., non-music) intervention, were found in nine research articles (e.g., Guétin et al., 2009a ; Castillo-Pérez et al., 2010 ) 23 We investigated whether there were particularly noticeable differences in outcome scores, when relevant control groups, who received an alternative treatment, were compared to those who received no additional intervention at all (or only the usual treatment) 24 As far as these nine articles were concerned, a significant reduction (p < 0.05)="" in="" depression="" scores="" was="" found="" in="" every="" experimental="" but="" only="" one="" control="" setting="" (="" hendricks="" et="" al.,="" 1999="" ).="" in="" this="" case,="" an="" entirely="" different="" result="" became="" apparent,="" when="" control="" participants="" received="" a="" cognitive-behavioral="" therapy="" cbt="" and="" a="" significant="" reduction="" (p="">< 0.05)="" in="" depression="" scores="" was="" measured="" compared="" to="" the="" respective="" baseline="" score,="" although="" music="" still="" lead="" to="" better="" results.="" another="" scholar="" (="" chan="" et="" al.,="" 2012="" )="" 25="" ,="" instructed="" participants="" in="" the="" control="" group="" to="" take="" a="" resting="" period,="" while="" simultaneously="" the="" experimental="" attendees="" joined="" their="" music="" intervention="" session.="" this="" alternative="" approach="" did="" not="" reduce="" the="" gds-15="" depression="" score,="" but="" even="" increased="" it.="" interestingly,="" the="" same="" author="" previously="" published="" (="" chan="" et="" al.,="" 2009="" )="" a="" significant="" (p="0.007)" increase="" (i.e.,="" worsening="" of="" depression)="" for="" the="" relevant="" control="" setting.="" to="" be="" complete,="" a="" resting="" period="" was="" also="" conducted="" in="" another="" case="" (="" hsu="" and="" lai,="" 2004="" ),="" but="" results="" showed="" also="" no="" significant="" reduction="" in="" depression="" scores.="" other="" attempts="" to="" provide="" an="" alternative="" intervention="" for="" the="" control="" group="" have="" been="" monomorphic="" tones="" (="" koelsch="" et="" al.,="" 2010="" )="" that="" corresponded="" to="" the="" experimental="" music="" samples="" (in="" pitch-,="" bpm-,="" and="" duration),="" verbal="" treatment="" sessions="" (="" silverman,="" 2011="" ),="" antidepressant="" drugs="" (="" verrusio="" et="" al.,="" 2014="" )="" 26="" ,="" reading="" sessions="" (="" guétin="" et="" al.,="" 2009a="" )="" or="" a="" conductive-behavioral”="" psychotherapy="" (="" castillo-pérez="" et="" al.,="" 2010="">

without offering final proof, these studies suggest that music may help the heart and circulation as well as the brain and mind. but how? slowing the heart rate, lowering blood pressure, and reducing levels of stress hormones are likely explanations, and research presents another possibility. scientists studied arterial function and blood flow in 10 healthy volunteers before, during, and after the subjects listened to various types of music, watched humorous videos, or listened to relaxation tapes. joyful music produced a 26% increase in blood flow, a benefit similar to aerobic exercise or statin therapy and well ahead of laughter (19% increase) and relaxation (11%). but the power of music can work both ways; selections that triggered anxiety in the listeners produced a 6% decrease in blood flow. 9. for more, see david joselit, dada’s diagrams,” in the dada seminars, ed. leah dickerman and matthew witkovsky (washington, dc: national gallery of art, 2005), 221-39; and benjamin h. d. buchloh, hesse’s endgame: facing the diagram,” in eva hesse drawing, ed. catherine de zegher (new haven: yale university press, 2006), 121. goodman, k. (1989). music therapy assessment of emotionally disturbed children. the arts in psychotherapy, 16, 179-192. nature as image (exhibition catalogue). text by philip verre. new york: directions on broadway, 1984: illustrated. music therapists work with the communication needs of persons with autism spectrum disorder (asd). though music therapy provides a unique environment for expression and responses from individuals limited in communication, a means for communication beyond the therapy session is essential for the development of viable communication skills. augmentative and alternative communication (aac) provides a means for functional communication and generalization of skills. this paper presents a review of current research lending support to a recommended practice model for music therapy for individuals with asd including the use of aac. cooklin uses a combined blend of free-flow illustration and photography to create modern art for contemporary interiors as well as unique stock imagery which is used by designers, advertising agencies, publishers and corporate clients internationally. exhibition of work by newly elected members and recipients of honors and awards, american academy of arts and letters, new york, may 18-june 4, 2006. cindy has been painting faces since 2003 while attending classes and conventions across the country and even out of the country. she has attended fabaic face and body art convention (2008-20014) in florida, fpba conventions in las vegas (2009-2012) and st. louis (2014-2016), bodyssey 2016 convention in canada, and has taken classes on face and body painting from a number of the leading instructors including nick and brian wolfe, mark reid, dutch bihary, nix herrera, wiser oner, pashur, and many others.

lucy thorp was born and raised in houston, texas. she earned her ba in art history and spanish, graduating with high honors from the university of texas at austin and has completed graduate studies at the university of houston. lucy has worked for the examiner, houston, and most recently with the museum of fine arts houston. lucy has also been involved in the new orleans art scene and was a committee member for prospect.3, one of the largest non-profit biennial of global contemporary art in the united states. charles “c.m.” russell was the other great western painter of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. he captured the west on canvas using vivid colors and authentic, accurate details on the people in his paintings. university art museum, university of texas at austin. selected paintings from the michener collection. 2 november 1969 – 5 january 1970. catalogue with texts by james a. michener and richard teller hirsch. ashton, dore, ed. twentieth-century artists on art (includes artist’s statements). excerpts from interview of hofmann by katharine kuh in 1962, pp. 217-18. new york: pantheon books, 1985. subtle earth and sea winter colours are arranged with careful consideration. the layering of different paper shapes combines with colour to create a sense of space. the light and dark areas also support this. paper edges create lines and spaces in the work. we can detect shapes within colours which remind us of drawings. the location of the materials in the picture plane creates a sense of distance as the eye moves upward from the shore out to sea. once mary became aware of her increasing ability to alternate breathing and making sounds, in a pattern cued by her tapping finger, she carried this ability over to pacing syllables and short phrases in speech. before she started music therapy, she could articulate three-syllable phrases with the help of some cueing to breathe at the initiation of the phrase. she also knew the skills she needed to succeed: breathe, speak slowly, exaggerate articulation, and make a syllable-by-syllable attack. she could repeat single words and phrases, albeit with many attempts at self-correction. in the past decade, scientists have become very interested in studying the effects of sound on the human brain, and parents have rushed to embrace and apply any possible benefit to the development of their children. one of the early studies that spurred a rather heightened curiosity of the benefits of music was dubbed the mozart effect.” in 1993, a study by rauscher et al. was published, which looked at the possible correlations between listening to different types of music and intelligence. soon after, the study erroneously credited with the notion that listening to classical music, particularly the music of mozart, made you more intelligent. as a result, people started buying and playing mozart to their children thinking that this would increase their intelligence. georgia governor zell miller, in 1998, proposed sending every newborn in the state a copy of a classical cd based on this supposed effect.” the baby einstein toy company was also launched in reaction to this study. however, the study only demonstrated a small benefit in the area of spatial reasoning as a result of listening to mozart, and the limited results showed that a person’s iq increased for only a brief period of time—no longer than 15 minutes, after which it returned to normal. other studies have not been able to replicate even the 15-minute bump in iq.

silkscreening: a reproduction process wherein paint or ink is forced by the pressure of a squeegee through a stencil adhered to a stretched silk or nylon cloth; also called serigraphy. space: depth or distance in a 2-d work; an empty volume to be occupied by a form, to be used positively or negatively in relation to that form in 3-d work. squeegee: a rubber blade mounted on a handle used to force ink or paint through a mesh of a silk screen. stencil: a sheet made from cardboard, paper, or plastic film which a design has been cut to create openings through which ink is rolled or pushed to imprint on an underlying surface. shape: the repeated shape creates unity. the diagonals suggest motion – in this case a freeze of action – also suggested because the figures are slightly off balance. surface: the figures are shiny and reflective. viewers would also be reflected in the sculpture and thus become part of it. cohen, n.s. (2014). music therapy and sociological theories of aging. music therapy perspectives, 32(1), 84-92. many such artists build a portfolio of stock in the winter months, and sell throughout the summer months. colour: the use of black with bright, cheerful colours is unusual. the artist makes use of tints in the pink dress. pattern, texture: the surface is full of dynamic strokes, shapes and colours. space: everything happens in a very shallow visual space. waldon, e. (2001). the effects of group music therapy on mood states and cohesiveness in adult oncology patients. journal of music therapy, 38(3), 212-238. oldfield, a. (2011). exploring issues of control through interactive, improvised music making: music therapy diagnostic assessment and short-term treatment with a mother and daughter in a psychiatric unit. in a. meadows (ed.), developments in music therapy practice: case study perspectives (pp. 104-118). gilsum, nh: barcelona. buyers are responsible for determining the value, condition and authenticity of the goods. buyers participating in the artspace auctions represent and warrant by placing any bid that they are ready, willing and able to pay the purchase price bid, all applicable taxes and the buyer’s premium all within 24 hours of the close of the auction if they are the successful bidder. any bids submitted using a buyer’s registration log in information shall be deemed made or authorized by that buyer. each buyer placing any bid represents and warrants that such bids are not the product of any collusive or other anti-competitive agreement and are otherwise consistent with federal and state laws. each buyer is responsible for payment of new york state and local sales tax, any applicable use tax, any federal luxury tax or any other taxes assessed on the purchase of the goods. the buyer is solely responsible for identifying and obtaining any necessary export, import, or other permit for the delivery of the goods and for determining whether the goods are subject to any export or import embargoes.

perhaps the strongest reason that people continue to return to music is its effect on memory. since memories are not stored in the brain in a centralized location but are instead spread throughout neurological pathways, music’s ability to activate such large areas of our brain serves as a powerful stimulus for evoking memories. music’s connection to emotion imbues these musical memories with even more significance. in fact, music can be so effective at stimulating memories, it’s sometimes used to help patients living with alzheimer’s disease and dementia grasp portions of their former selves. a strong sense of movement is present in the shape of the piece. lines present in the surface texture also contribute to this. the natural colours of the antler resemble the colours of the eagle. the artist has made use of this by retaining the natural appearance of the antler behind the polished head shapes. there is great contrast between the smooth-polished heads and the rough-unfinished surface. nicola wakeling was born in 1978 in essex but moved to scotland when she was one year old. scotland has had a big influence on her and her work ever since. showing a talent for art from an early age she went on to graduate with a ba (hons) in drawing and painting at edinburgh college of art and then a pgce in art and design(secondary) at the london institute of education. paintings from europe and the americas in the philadelphia museum of art: a concise catalog. philadelphia: philadelphia museum of art, 1994. myers, john bernard. tracking the marvelous. exh. cat. new york: the grey art gallery and study center at new york university, 1981: 78. cao, s., sun, j., wang, y., zhao, y., sheng, y., & xu, a. (2016). music therapy improves pregnancy-induced hypertension treatment efficacy. international journal of clinical and experimental medicine, 9(5), 8833-8838. griffin, rachael. collection of mr. and mrs. c. bagley wright – twentieth century american and european paintings and sculpture. exh. cat. portland, oregon: portland art museum, 1964. lichtenstein created this work at the same time that the united states was becoming involved in the vietnam war and the artist – who was also a military veteran – is surely telling his fellow americans that it makes no sense to enter conflicts that can be reduced to comic-book images. san francisco museum of modern art, ca. celebrating modern art: the anderson collection. 7 october 2000 – 15 january 2001. catalogue with texts by neal benezra et al. but if you are a young artist, eager to do his first mural painting, you won’t let technical issues like these to get in your way. if there is a will there is a way and if you want to learn how to paint a mural maybe we can help you by introducing some essential tips you should keep in mind before you hit the streets packed only with your talent, good will, and ambition. in the next paragraphs, we are bringing the mastery of mural painting to you step-by-step, in a short preview of the main techniques, tools, materials, supplies and everything else you should know for your first mural project. 0.05)=”” in=”” depression=”” scores=”” was=”” measured=”” compared=”” to=”” the=”” respective=”” baseline=”” score,=”” although=”” music=”” still=”” lead=”” to=”” better=”” results.=”” another=”” scholar=”” (=”” chan=”” et=”” al.,=”” 2012=”” )=”” 25=”” ,=”” instructed=”” participants=”” in=”” the=”” control=”” group=”” to=”” take=”” a=”” resting=”” period,=”” while=”” simultaneously=”” the=”” experimental=”” attendees=”” joined=”” their=”” music=”” intervention=”” session.=”” this=”” alternative=”” approach=”” did=”” not=”” reduce=”” the=”” gds-15=”” depression=”” score,=”” but=”” even=”” increased=”” it.=”” interestingly,=”” the=”” same=”” author=”” previously=”” published=”” (=”” chan=”” et=”” al.,=”” 2009=”” )=”” a=”” significant=”” (p=”0.007)” increase=”” (i.e.,=”” worsening=”” of=”” depression)=”” for=”” the=”” relevant=”” control=”” setting.=”” to=”” be=”” complete,=”” a=”” resting=”” period=”” was=”” also=”” conducted=”” in=”” another=”” case=”” (=”” hsu=”” and=”” lai,=”” 2004=”” ),=”” but=”” results=”” showed=”” also=”” no=”” significant=”” reduction=”” in=”” depression=”” scores.=”” other=”” attempts=”” to=”” provide=”” an=”” alternative=”” intervention=”” for=”” the=”” control=”” group=”” have=”” been=”” monomorphic=”” tones=”” (=”” koelsch=”” et=”” al.,=”” 2010=”” )=”” that=”” corresponded=”” to=”” the=”” experimental=”” music=”” samples=”” (in=”” pitch-,=”” bpm-,=”” and=”” duration),=”” verbal=”” treatment=”” sessions=”” (=”” silverman,=”” 2011=”” ),=”” antidepressant=”” drugs=”” (=”” verrusio=”” et=”” al.,=”” 2014=”” )=”” 26=”” ,=”” reading=”” sessions=”” (=”” guétin=”” et=”” al.,=”” 2009a=”” )=”” or=”” a=”” conductive-behavioral”=”” psychotherapy=”” (=”” castillo-pérez=”” et=”” al.,=”” 2010=”” ).=”” without=”” offering=”” final=”” proof,=”” these=”” studies=”” suggest=”” that=”” music=”” may=”” help=”” the=”” heart=”” and=”” circulation=”” as=”” well=”” as=”” the=”” brain=”” and=”” mind.=”” but=”” how?=”” slowing=”” the=”” heart=”” rate,=”” lowering=”” blood=”” pressure,=”” and=”” reducing=”” levels=”” of=”” stress=”” hormones=”” are=”” likely=”” explanations,=”” and=”” research=”” presents=”” another=”” possibility.=”” scientists=”” studied=”” arterial=”” function=”” and=”” blood=”” flow=”” in=”” 10=”” healthy=”” volunteers=”” before,=”” during,=”” and=”” after=”” the=”” subjects=”” listened=”” to=”” various=”” types=”” of=”” music,=”” watched=”” humorous=”” videos,=”” or=”” listened=”” to=”” relaxation=”” tapes.=”” joyful=”” music=”” produced=”” a=”” 26%=”” increase=”” in=”” blood=”” flow,=”” a=”” benefit=”” similar=”” to=”” aerobic=”” exercise=”” or=”” statin=”” therapy=”” and=”” well=”” ahead=”” of=”” laughter=”” (19%=”” increase)=”” and=”” relaxation=”” (11%).=”” but=”” the=”” power=”” of=”” music=”” can=”” work=”” both=”” ways;=”” selections=”” that=”” triggered=”” anxiety=”” in=”” the=”” listeners=”” produced=”” a=”” 6%=”” decrease=”” in=”” blood=”” flow.=”” 9.=”” for=”” more,=”” see=”” david=”” joselit,=”” dada’s=”” diagrams,”=”” in=”” the=”” dada=”” seminars,=”” ed.=”” leah=”” dickerman=”” and=”” matthew=”” witkovsky=”” (washington,=”” dc:=”” national=”” gallery=”” of=”” art,=”” 2005),=”” 221-39;=”” and=”” benjamin=”” h.=”” d.=”” buchloh,=”” hesse’s=”” endgame:=”” facing=”” the=”” diagram,”=”” in=”” eva=”” hesse=”” drawing,=”” ed.=”” catherine=”” de=”” zegher=”” (new=”” haven:=”” yale=”” university=”” press,=”” 2006),=”” 121.=”” goodman,=”” k.=”” (1989).=”” music=”” therapy=”” assessment=”” of=”” emotionally=”” disturbed=”” children. the=”” arts=”” in=”” psychotherapy, 16,=”” 179-192.=”” nature=”” as=”” image=”” (exhibition=”” catalogue).=”” text=”” by=”” philip=”” verre.=”” new=”” york:=”” directions=”” on=”” broadway,=”” 1984:=”” illustrated.=”” music=”” therapists=”” work=”” with=”” the=”” communication=”” needs=”” of=”” persons=”” with=”” autism=”” spectrum=”” disorder=”” (asd).=”” though=”” music=”” therapy=”” provides=”” a=”” unique=”” environment=”” for=”” expression=”” and=”” responses=”” from=”” individuals=”” limited=”” in=”” communication,=”” a=”” means=”” for=”” communication=”” beyond=”” the=”” therapy=”” session=”” is=”” essential=”” for=”” the=”” development=”” of=”” viable=”” communication=”” skills.=”” augmentative=”” and=”” alternative=”” communication=”” (aac)=”” provides=”” a=”” means=”” for=”” functional=”” communication=”” and=”” generalization=”” of=”” skills.=”” this=”” paper=”” presents=”” a=”” review=”” of=”” current=”” research=”” lending=”” support=”” to=”” a=”” recommended=”” practice=”” model=”” for=”” music=”” therapy=”” for=”” individuals=”” with=”” asd=”” including=”” the=”” use=”” of=”” aac.=”” cooklin=”” uses=”” a=”” combined=”” blend=”” of=”” free-flow=”” illustration=”” and=”” photography=”” to=”” create=”” modern=”” art=”” for=”” contemporary=”” interiors=”” as=”” well=”” as=”” unique=”” stock=”” imagery=”” which=”” is=”” used=”” by=”” designers,=”” advertising=”” agencies,=”” publishers=”” and=”” corporate=”” clients=”” internationally.=”” exhibition=”” of=”” work=”” by=”” newly=”” elected=”” members=”” and=”” recipients=”” of=”” honors=”” and=”” awards,=”” american=”” academy=”” of=”” arts=”” and=”” letters,=”” new=”” york,=”” may=”” 18-june=”” 4,=”” 2006.=”” cindy=”” has=”” been=”” painting=”” faces=”” since=”” 2003=”” while=”” attending=”” classes=”” and=”” conventions=”” across=”” the=”” country=”” and=”” even=”” out=”” of=”” the=”” country.=”” she=”” has=”” attended=”” fabaic=”” face=”” and=”” body=”” art=”” convention=”” (2008-20014)=”” in=”” florida,=”” fpba=”” conventions=”” in=”” las=”” vegas=”” (2009-2012)=”” and=”” st.=”” louis=”” (2014-2016),=”” bodyssey=”” 2016 convention=”” in=”” canada,=”” and=”” has=”” taken=”” classes=”” on=”” face=”” and=”” body=”” painting from=”” a=”” number=”” of=”” the=”” leading=”” instructors=”” including=”” nick=”” and=”” brian=”” wolfe,=”” mark=”” reid,=”” dutch=”” bihary,=”” nix=”” herrera,=”” wiser=”” oner,=”” pashur,=”” and=”” many=”” others.=”” lucy=”” thorp=”” was=”” born=”” and=”” raised=”” in=”” houston,=”” texas.=”” she=”” earned=”” her=”” ba=”” in=”” art=”” history=”” and=”” spanish,=”” graduating=”” with=”” high=”” honors=”” from=”” the=”” university=”” of=”” texas=”” at=”” austin=”” and=”” has=”” completed=”” graduate=”” studies=”” at=”” the=”” university=”” of=”” houston.=”” lucy=”” has=”” worked=”” for=”” the=”” examiner,=”” houston,=”” and=”” most=”” recently=”” with=”” the=”” museum=”” of=”” fine=”” arts=”” houston.=”” lucy=”” has=”” also=”” been=”” involved=”” in=”” the=”” new=”” orleans=”” art=”” scene=”” and=”” was=”” a=”” committee=”” member=”” for=”” prospect.3,=”” one=”” of=”” the=”” largest=”” non-profit=”” biennial=”” of=”” global=”” contemporary=”” art=”” in=”” the=”” united=”” states.=”” charles=”” “c.m.”=”” russell=”” was=”” the=”” other=”” great=”” western=”” painter=”” of=”” the=”” late=”” 19th=”” and=”” early=”” 20th=”” centuries.=”” he=”” captured=”” the=”” west=”” on=”” canvas=”” using=”” vivid=”” colors=”” and=”” authentic,=”” accurate=”” details=”” on=”” the=”” people=”” in=”” his=”” paintings.=”” university=”” art=”” museum,=”” university=”” of=”” texas=”” at=”” austin.=”” selected=”” paintings=”” from=”” the=”” michener=”” collection.=”” 2=”” november=”” 1969=”” -=”” 5=”” january=”” 1970.=”” catalogue=”” with=”” texts=”” by=”” james=”” a.=”” michener=”” and=”” richard=”” teller=”” hirsch.=”” ashton,=”” dore,=”” ed. twentieth-century=”” artists=”” on=”” art=”” (includes=”” artist’s=”” statements).=”” excerpts=”” from=”” interview=”” of=”” hofmann=”” by=”” katharine=”” kuh=”” in=”” 1962,=”” pp.=”” 217-18.=”” new=”” york:=”” pantheon=”” books,=”” 1985.=”” subtle=”” earth=”” and=”” sea=”” winter=”” colours=”” are=”” arranged=”” with=”” careful=”” consideration.=”” the=”” layering=”” of=”” different=”” paper=”” shapes=”” combines=”” with=”” colour=”” to=”” create=”” a=”” sense=”” of=”” space.=”” the=”” light=”” and=”” dark=”” areas=”” also=”” support=”” this.=”” paper=”” edges=”” create=”” lines=”” and=”” spaces=”” in=”” the=”” work.=”” we=”” can=”” detect=”” shapes=”” within=”” colours=”” which=”” remind=”” us=”” of=”” drawings.=”” the=”” location=”” of=”” the=”” materials=”” in=”” the=”” picture=”” plane=”” creates=”” a=”” sense=”” of=”” distance=”” as=”” the=”” eye=”” moves=”” upward=”” from=”” the=”” shore=”” out=”” to=”” sea.=”” once=”” mary=”” became=”” aware=”” of=”” her=”” increasing=”” ability=”” to=”” alternate=”” breathing=”” and=”” making=”” sounds,=”” in=”” a=”” pattern=”” cued=”” by=”” her=”” tapping=”” finger,=”” she=”” carried=”” this=”” ability=”” over=”” to=”” pacing=”” syllables=”” and=”” short=”” phrases=”” in=”” speech.=”” before=”” she=”” started=”” music=”” therapy,=”” she=”” could=”” articulate=”” three-syllable=”” phrases=”” with=”” the=”” help=”” of=”” some=”” cueing=”” to=”” breathe=”” at=”” the=”” initiation=”” of=”” the=”” phrase.=”” she=”” also=”” knew=”” the=”” skills=”” she=”” needed=”” to=”” succeed:=”” breathe,=”” speak=”” slowly,=”” exaggerate=”” articulation,=”” and=”” make=”” a=”” syllable-by-syllable=”” attack.=”” she=”” could=”” repeat=”” single=”” words=”” and=”” phrases,=”” albeit=”” with=”” many=”” attempts=”” at=”” self-correction.=”” in=”” the=”” past=”” decade,=”” scientists=”” have=”” become=”” very=”” interested=”” in=”” studying=”” the=”” effects=”” of=”” sound=”” on=”” the=”” human=”” brain,=”” and=”” parents=”” have=”” rushed=”” to=”” embrace=”” and=”” apply=”” any=”” possible=”” benefit=”” to=”” the=”” development=”” of=”” their=”” children.=”” one=”” of=”” the=”” early=”” studies=”” that=”” spurred=”” a=”” rather=”” heightened=”” curiosity=”” of=”” the=”” benefits=”” of=”” music=”” was=”” dubbed=”” the=”” mozart=”” effect.”=”” in=”” 1993,=”” a=”” study=”” by=”” rauscher=”” et=”” al.=”” was=”” published,=”” which=”” looked=”” at=”” the=”” possible=”” correlations=”” between=”” listening=”” to=”” different=”” types=”” of=”” music=”” and=”” intelligence.=”” soon=”” after,=”” the=”” study=”” erroneously=”” credited=”” with=”” the=”” notion=”” that=”” listening=”” to=”” classical=”” music,=”” particularly=”” the=”” music=”” of=”” mozart,=”” made=”” you=”” more=”” intelligent.=”” as=”” a=”” result,=”” people=”” started=”” buying=”” and=”” playing=”” mozart=”” to=”” their=”” children=”” thinking=”” that=”” this=”” would=”” increase=”” their=”” intelligence.=”” georgia=”” governor=”” zell=”” miller,=”” in=”” 1998,=”” proposed=”” sending=”” every=”” newborn=”” in=”” the=”” state=”” a=”” copy=”” of=”” a=”” classical=”” cd=”” based=”” on=”” this=”” supposed=”” effect.”=”” the=”” baby=”” einstein=”” toy=”” company=”” was=”” also=”” launched=”” in=”” reaction=”” to=”” this=”” study.=”” however,=”” the=”” study=”” only=”” demonstrated=”” a=”” small=”” benefit=”” in=”” the=”” area=”” of=”” spatial=”” reasoning=”” as=”” a=”” result=”” of=”” listening=”” to=”” mozart,=”” and=”” the=”” limited=”” results=”” showed=”” that=”” a=”” person’s=”” iq=”” increased=”” for=”” only=”” a=”” brief=”” period=”” of=”” time—no=”” longer=”” than=”” 15=”” minutes,=”” after=”” which=”” it=”” returned=”” to=”” normal.=”” other=”” studies=”” have=”” not=”” been=”” able=”” to=”” replicate=”” even=”” the=”” 15-minute=”” bump=”” in=”” iq.=”” silkscreening:=”” a=”” reproduction=”” process=”” wherein=”” paint=”” or=”” ink=”” is=”” forced=”” by=”” the=”” pressure=”” of=”” a=”” squeegee=”” through=”” a=”” stencil=”” adhered=”” to=”” a=”” stretched=”” silk=”” or=”” nylon=”” cloth;=”” also=”” called=”” serigraphy.=”” space:=”” depth=”” or=”” distance=”” in=”” a=”” 2-d=”” work;=”” an=”” empty=”” volume=”” to=”” be=”” occupied=”” by=”” a=”” form,=”” to=”” be=”” used=”” positively=”” or=”” negatively=”” in=”” relation=”” to=”” that=”” form=”” in=”” 3-d=”” work.=”” squeegee:=”” a=”” rubber=”” blade=”” mounted=”” on=”” a=”” handle=”” used=”” to=”” force=”” ink=”” or=”” paint=”” through=”” a=”” mesh=”” of=”” a=”” silk=”” screen.=”” stencil:=”” a=”” sheet=”” made=”” from=”” cardboard,=”” paper,=”” or=”” plastic=”” film=”” which=”” a=”” design=”” has=”” been=”” cut=”” to=”” create=”” openings=”” through=”” which=”” ink=”” is=”” rolled=”” or=”” pushed=”” to=”” imprint=”” on=”” an=”” underlying=”” surface.=”” shape:=”” the=”” repeated=”” shape=”” creates=”” unity.=”” the=”” diagonals=”” suggest=”” motion=”” -=”” in=”” this=”” case=”” a=”” freeze=”” of=”” action=”” -=”” also=”” suggested=”” because=”” the=”” figures=”” are=”” slightly=”” off=”” balance.=”” surface:=”” the=”” figures=”” are=”” shiny=”” and=”” reflective.=”” viewers=”” would=”” also=”” be=”” reflected=”” in=”” the=”” sculpture=”” and=”” thus=”” become=”” part=”” of=”” it.=”” cohen,=”” n.s.=”” (2014).=”” music=”” therapy=”” and=”” sociological=”” theories=”” of=”” aging. music=”” therapy=”” perspectives,=”” 32(1),=”” 84-92.=”” many=”” such=”” artists=”” build=”” a=”” portfolio=”” of=”” stock=”” in=”” the=”” winter=”” months,=”” and=”” sell=”” throughout=”” the=”” summer=”” months.=”” colour:=”” the=”” use=”” of=”” black=”” with=”” bright,=”” cheerful=”” colours=”” is=”” unusual.=”” the=”” artist=”” makes=”” use=”” of=”” tints=”” in=”” the=”” pink=”” dress.=”” pattern,=”” texture:=”” the=”” surface=”” is=”” full=”” of=”” dynamic=”” strokes,=”” shapes=”” and=”” colours.=”” space:=”” everything=”” happens=”” in=”” a=”” very=”” shallow=”” visual=”” space.=”” waldon,=”” e.=”” (2001).=”” the=”” effects=”” of=”” group=”” music=”” therapy=”” on=”” mood=”” states=”” and=”” cohesiveness=”” in=”” adult=”” oncology=”” patients. journal=”” of=”” music=”” therapy,=”” 38(3),=”” 212-238.=”” oldfield,=”” a.=”” (2011).=”” exploring=”” issues=”” of=”” control=”” through=”” interactive,=”” improvised=”” music=”” making:=”” music=”” therapy=”” diagnostic=”” assessment=”” and=”” short-term=”” treatment=”” with=”” a=”” mother=”” and=”” daughter=”” in=”” a=”” psychiatric=”” unit.=”” in=”” a.=”” meadows=”” (ed.), developments=”” in=”” music=”” therapy=”” practice:=”” case=”” study=”” perspectives (pp.=”” 104-118).=”” gilsum,=”” nh:=”” barcelona.=”” buyers=”” are=”” responsible=”” for=”” determining=”” the=”” value,=”” condition=”” and=”” authenticity=”” of=”” the=”” goods.=”” buyers=”” participating=”” in=”” the=”” artspace=”” auctions=”” represent=”” and=”” warrant=”” by=”” placing=”” any=”” bid=”” that=”” they=”” are=”” ready,=”” willing=”” and=”” able=”” to=”” pay=”” the=”” purchase=”” price=”” bid,=”” all=”” applicable=”” taxes=”” and=”” the=”” buyer’s=”” premium=”” all=”” within=”” 24=”” hours=”” of=”” the=”” close=”” of=”” the=”” auction=”” if=”” they=”” are=”” the=”” successful=”” bidder.=”” any=”” bids=”” submitted=”” using=”” a=”” buyer’s=”” registration=”” log=”” in=”” information=”” shall=”” be=”” deemed=”” made=”” or=”” authorized=”” by=”” that=”” buyer.=”” each=”” buyer=”” placing=”” any=”” bid=”” represents=”” and=”” warrants=”” that=”” such=”” bids=”” are=”” not=”” the=”” product=”” of=”” any=”” collusive=”” or=”” other=”” anti-competitive=”” agreement=”” and=”” are=”” otherwise=”” consistent=”” with=”” federal=”” and=”” state=”” laws.=”” each=”” buyer=”” is=”” responsible=”” for=”” payment=”” of=”” new=”” york=”” state=”” and=”” local=”” sales=”” tax,=”” any=”” applicable=”” use=”” tax,=”” any=”” federal=”” luxury=”” tax=”” or=”” any=”” other=”” taxes=”” assessed=”” on=”” the=”” purchase=”” of=”” the=”” goods.=”” the=”” buyer=”” is=”” solely=”” responsible=”” for=”” identifying=”” and=”” obtaining=”” any=”” necessary=”” export,=”” import,=”” or=”” other=”” permit=”” for=”” the=”” delivery=”” of=”” the=”” goods=”” and=”” for=”” determining=”” whether=”” the=”” goods=”” are=”” subject=”” to=”” any=”” export=”” or=”” import=”” embargoes.=”” perhaps=”” the=”” strongest=”” reason=”” that=”” people=”” continue=”” to=”” return=”” to=”” music=”” is=”” its=”” effect=”” on=”” memory.=”” since=”” memories=”” are=”” not=”” stored=”” in=”” the=”” brain=”” in=”” a=”” centralized=”” location=”” but=”” are=”” instead=”” spread=”” throughout=”” neurological=”” pathways,=”” music’s=”” ability=”” to=”” activate=”” such=”” large=”” areas=”” of=”” our=”” brain=”” serves=”” as=”” a=”” powerful=”” stimulus=”” for=”” evoking=”” memories.=”” music’s=”” connection=”” to=”” emotion=”” imbues=”” these=”” musical=”” memories=”” with=”” even=”” more=”” significance.=”” in=”” fact,=”” music=”” can=”” be=”” so=”” effective=”” at=”” stimulating=”” memories,=”” it’s=”” sometimes=”” used=”” to=”” help=”” patients=”” living=”” with=”” alzheimer’s=”” disease=”” and=”” dementia=”” grasp=”” portions=”” of=”” their=”” former=”” selves.=”” a=”” strong=”” sense=”” of=”” movement=”” is=”” present=”” in=”” the=”” shape=”” of=”” the=”” piece.=”” lines=”” present=”” in=”” the=”” surface=”” texture=”” also=”” contribute=”” to=”” this.=”” the=”” natural=”” colours=”” of=”” the=”” antler=”” resemble=”” the=”” colours=”” of=”” the=”” eagle.=”” the=”” artist=”” has=”” made=”” use=”” of=”” this=”” by=”” retaining=”” the=”” natural=”” appearance=”” of=”” the=”” antler=”” behind=”” the=”” polished=”” head=”” shapes.=”” there=”” is=”” great=”” contrast=”” between=”” the=”” smooth-polished=”” heads=”” and=”” the=”” rough-unfinished=”” surface.=”” nicola=”” wakeling=”” was=”” born=”” in=”” 1978=”” in=”” essex=”” but=”” moved=”” to=”” scotland=”” when=”” she=”” was=”” one=”” year=”” old.=”” scotland=”” has=”” had=”” a=”” big=”” influence=”” on=”” her=”” and=”” her=”” work=”” ever=”” since.=”” showing=”” a=”” talent=”” for=”” art=”” from=”” an=”” early=”” age=”” she=”” went=”” on=”” to=”” graduate=”” with=”” a=”” ba=”” (hons)=”” in=”” drawing=”” and=”” painting=”” at=”” edinburgh=”” college=”” of=”” art=”” and=”” then=”” a=”” pgce=”” in=”” art=”” and=”” design(secondary)=”” at=”” the=”” london=”” institute=”” of=”” education.=”” paintings=”” from=”” europe=”” and=”” the=”” americas=”” in=”” the=”” philadelphia=”” museum=”” of=”” art:=”” a=”” concise=”” catalog.=”” philadelphia:=”” philadelphia=”” museum=”” of=”” art,=”” 1994.=”” myers,=”” john=”” bernard.=”” tracking=”” the=”” marvelous.=”” exh.=”” cat.=”” new=”” york:=”” the=”” grey=”” art=”” gallery=”” and=”” study=”” center=”” at=”” new=”” york=”” university,=”” 1981:=”” 78.=”” cao,=”” s.,=”” sun,=”” j.,=”” wang,=”” y.,=”” zhao,=”” y.,=”” sheng,=”” y.,=”” &=”” xu,=”” a.=”” (2016).=”” music=”” therapy=”” improves=”” pregnancy-induced=”” hypertension=”” treatment=”” efficacy. international=”” journal=”” of=”” clinical=”” and=”” experimental=”” medicine,=”” 9(5),=”” 8833-8838.=”” griffin,=”” rachael.=”” collection=”” of=”” mr.=”” and=”” mrs.=”” c.=”” bagley=”” wright=”” -=”” twentieth=”” century=”” american=”” and=”” european=”” paintings=”” and=”” sculpture.=”” exh.=”” cat.=”” portland,=”” oregon:=”” portland=”” art=”” museum,=”” 1964.=”” lichtenstein=”” created=”” this=”” work=”” at=”” the=”” same=”” time=”” that=”” the=”” united=”” states=”” was=”” becoming=”” involved=”” in=”” the=”” vietnam=”” war=”” and=”” the=”” artist=”” -=”” who=”” was=”” also=”” a=”” military=”” veteran=”” -=”” is=”” surely=”” telling=”” his=”” fellow=”” americans=”” that=”” it=”” makes=”” no=”” sense=”” to=”” enter=”” conflicts=”” that=”” can=”” be=”” reduced=”” to=”” comic-book=”” images.=”” san=”” francisco=”” museum=”” of=”” modern=”” art,=”” ca.=”” celebrating=”” modern=”” art:=”” the=”” anderson=”” collection.=”” 7=”” october=”” 2000=”” -=”” 15=”” january=”” 2001.=”” catalogue=”” with=”” texts=”” by=”” neal=”” benezra=”” et=”” al.=”” but=”” if=”” you=”” are=”” a=”” young=”” artist,=”” eager=”” to=”” do=”” his=”” first=”” mural=”” painting,=”” you=”” won’t=”” let=”” technical=”” issues=”” like=”” these=”” to=”” get=”” in=”” your=”” way.=”” if=”” there=”” is=”” a=”” will=”” there=”” is=”” a=”” way=”” and=”” if=”” you=”” want=”” to=”” learn=”” how=”” to=”” paint=”” a=”” mural=”” maybe=”” we=”” can=”” help=”” you=”” by=”” introducing=”” some=”” essential=”” tips=”” you=”” should=”” keep=”” in=”” mind=”” before=”” you=”” hit=”” the=”” streets=”” packed=”” only=”” with=”” your=”” talent,=”” good=”” will,=”” and=”” ambition.=”” in=”” the=”” next=”” paragraphs,=”” we=”” are=”” bringing=”” the=”” mastery=”” of=”” mural=”” painting=”” to=”” you=”” step-by-step,=”” in=”” a=”” short=”” preview=”” of=”” the=”” main=”” techniques,=”” tools,=”” materials,=”” supplies=”” and=”” everything=”” else=”” you=”” should=”” know=”” for=”” your=”” first=”” mural=””>

without offering final proof, these studies suggest that music may help the heart and circulation as well as the brain and mind. but how? slowing the heart rate, lowering blood pressure, and reducing levels of stress hormones are likely explanations, and research presents another possibility. scientists studied arterial function and blood flow in 10 healthy volunteers before, during, and after the subjects listened to various types of music, watched humorous videos, or listened to relaxation tapes. joyful music produced a 26% increase in blood flow, a benefit similar to aerobic exercise or statin therapy and well ahead of laughter (19% increase) and relaxation (11%). but the power of music can work both ways; selections that triggered anxiety in the listeners produced a 6% decrease in blood flow. 9. for more, see david joselit, dada’s diagrams,” in the dada seminars, ed. leah dickerman and matthew witkovsky (washington, dc: national gallery of art, 2005), 221-39; and benjamin h. d. buchloh, hesse’s endgame: facing the diagram,” in eva hesse drawing, ed. catherine de zegher (new haven: yale university press, 2006), 121. goodman, k. (1989). music therapy assessment of emotionally disturbed children. the arts in psychotherapy, 16, 179-192. nature as image (exhibition catalogue). text by philip verre. new york: directions on broadway, 1984: illustrated. music therapists work with the communication needs of persons with autism spectrum disorder (asd). though music therapy provides a unique environment for expression and responses from individuals limited in communication, a means for communication beyond the therapy session is essential for the development of viable communication skills. augmentative and alternative communication (aac) provides a means for functional communication and generalization of skills. this paper presents a review of current research lending support to a recommended practice model for music therapy for individuals with asd including the use of aac. cooklin uses a combined blend of free-flow illustration and photography to create modern art for contemporary interiors as well as unique stock imagery which is used by designers, advertising agencies, publishers and corporate clients internationally. exhibition of work by newly elected members and recipients of honors and awards, american academy of arts and letters, new york, may 18-june 4, 2006. cindy has been painting faces since 2003 while attending classes and conventions across the country and even out of the country. she has attended fabaic face and body art convention (2008-20014) in florida, fpba conventions in las vegas (2009-2012) and st. louis (2014-2016), bodyssey 2016 convention in canada, and has taken classes on face and body painting from a number of the leading instructors including nick and brian wolfe, mark reid, dutch bihary, nix herrera, wiser oner, pashur, and many others.

lucy thorp was born and raised in houston, texas. she earned her ba in art history and spanish, graduating with high honors from the university of texas at austin and has completed graduate studies at the university of houston. lucy has worked for the examiner, houston, and most recently with the museum of fine arts houston. lucy has also been involved in the new orleans art scene and was a committee member for prospect.3, one of the largest non-profit biennial of global contemporary art in the united states. charles “c.m.” russell was the other great western painter of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. he captured the west on canvas using vivid colors and authentic, accurate details on the people in his paintings. university art museum, university of texas at austin. selected paintings from the michener collection. 2 november 1969 – 5 january 1970. catalogue with texts by james a. michener and richard teller hirsch. ashton, dore, ed. twentieth-century artists on art (includes artist’s statements). excerpts from interview of hofmann by katharine kuh in 1962, pp. 217-18. new york: pantheon books, 1985. subtle earth and sea winter colours are arranged with careful consideration. the layering of different paper shapes combines with colour to create a sense of space. the light and dark areas also support this. paper edges create lines and spaces in the work. we can detect shapes within colours which remind us of drawings. the location of the materials in the picture plane creates a sense of distance as the eye moves upward from the shore out to sea. once mary became aware of her increasing ability to alternate breathing and making sounds, in a pattern cued by her tapping finger, she carried this ability over to pacing syllables and short phrases in speech. before she started music therapy, she could articulate three-syllable phrases with the help of some cueing to breathe at the initiation of the phrase. she also knew the skills she needed to succeed: breathe, speak slowly, exaggerate articulation, and make a syllable-by-syllable attack. she could repeat single words and phrases, albeit with many attempts at self-correction. in the past decade, scientists have become very interested in studying the effects of sound on the human brain, and parents have rushed to embrace and apply any possible benefit to the development of their children. one of the early studies that spurred a rather heightened curiosity of the benefits of music was dubbed the mozart effect.” in 1993, a study by rauscher et al. was published, which looked at the possible correlations between listening to different types of music and intelligence. soon after, the study erroneously credited with the notion that listening to classical music, particularly the music of mozart, made you more intelligent. as a result, people started buying and playing mozart to their children thinking that this would increase their intelligence. georgia governor zell miller, in 1998, proposed sending every newborn in the state a copy of a classical cd based on this supposed effect.” the baby einstein toy company was also launched in reaction to this study. however, the study only demonstrated a small benefit in the area of spatial reasoning as a result of listening to mozart, and the limited results showed that a person’s iq increased for only a brief period of time—no longer than 15 minutes, after which it returned to normal. other studies have not been able to replicate even the 15-minute bump in iq.

silkscreening: a reproduction process wherein paint or ink is forced by the pressure of a squeegee through a stencil adhered to a stretched silk or nylon cloth; also called serigraphy. space: depth or distance in a 2-d work; an empty volume to be occupied by a form, to be used positively or negatively in relation to that form in 3-d work. squeegee: a rubber blade mounted on a handle used to force ink or paint through a mesh of a silk screen. stencil: a sheet made from cardboard, paper, or plastic film which a design has been cut to create openings through which ink is rolled or pushed to imprint on an underlying surface. shape: the repeated shape creates unity. the diagonals suggest motion – in this case a freeze of action – also suggested because the figures are slightly off balance. surface: the figures are shiny and reflective. viewers would also be reflected in the sculpture and thus become part of it. cohen, n.s. (2014). music therapy and sociological theories of aging. music therapy perspectives, 32(1), 84-92. many such artists build a portfolio of stock in the winter months, and sell throughout the summer months. colour: the use of black with bright, cheerful colours is unusual. the artist makes use of tints in the pink dress. pattern, texture: the surface is full of dynamic strokes, shapes and colours. space: everything happens in a very shallow visual space. waldon, e. (2001). the effects of group music therapy on mood states and cohesiveness in adult oncology patients. journal of music therapy, 38(3), 212-238. oldfield, a. (2011). exploring issues of control through interactive, improvised music making: music therapy diagnostic assessment and short-term treatment with a mother and daughter in a psychiatric unit. in a. meadows (ed.), developments in music therapy practice: case study perspectives (pp. 104-118). gilsum, nh: barcelona. buyers are responsible for determining the value, condition and authenticity of the goods. buyers participating in the artspace auctions represent and warrant by placing any bid that they are ready, willing and able to pay the purchase price bid, all applicable taxes and the buyer’s premium all within 24 hours of the close of the auction if they are the successful bidder. any bids submitted using a buyer’s registration log in information shall be deemed made or authorized by that buyer. each buyer placing any bid represents and warrants that such bids are not the product of any collusive or other anti-competitive agreement and are otherwise consistent with federal and state laws. each buyer is responsible for payment of new york state and local sales tax, any applicable use tax, any federal luxury tax or any other taxes assessed on the purchase of the goods. the buyer is solely responsible for identifying and obtaining any necessary export, import, or other permit for the delivery of the goods and for determining whether the goods are subject to any export or import embargoes.

perhaps the strongest reason that people continue to return to music is its effect on memory. since memories are not stored in the brain in a centralized location but are instead spread throughout neurological pathways, music’s ability to activate such large areas of our brain serves as a powerful stimulus for evoking memories. music’s connection to emotion imbues these musical memories with even more significance. in fact, music can be so effective at stimulating memories, it’s sometimes used to help patients living with alzheimer’s disease and dementia grasp portions of their former selves. a strong sense of movement is present in the shape of the piece. lines present in the surface texture also contribute to this. the natural colours of the antler resemble the colours of the eagle. the artist has made use of this by retaining the natural appearance of the antler behind the polished head shapes. there is great contrast between the smooth-polished heads and the rough-unfinished surface. nicola wakeling was born in 1978 in essex but moved to scotland when she was one year old. scotland has had a big influence on her and her work ever since. showing a talent for art from an early age she went on to graduate with a ba (hons) in drawing and painting at edinburgh college of art and then a pgce in art and design(secondary) at the london institute of education. paintings from europe and the americas in the philadelphia museum of art: a concise catalog. philadelphia: philadelphia museum of art, 1994. myers, john bernard. tracking the marvelous. exh. cat. new york: the grey art gallery and study center at new york university, 1981: 78. cao, s., sun, j., wang, y., zhao, y., sheng, y., & xu, a. (2016). music therapy improves pregnancy-induced hypertension treatment efficacy. international journal of clinical and experimental medicine, 9(5), 8833-8838. griffin, rachael. collection of mr. and mrs. c. bagley wright – twentieth century american and european paintings and sculpture. exh. cat. portland, oregon: portland art museum, 1964. lichtenstein created this work at the same time that the united states was becoming involved in the vietnam war and the artist – who was also a military veteran – is surely telling his fellow americans that it makes no sense to enter conflicts that can be reduced to comic-book images. san francisco museum of modern art, ca. celebrating modern art: the anderson collection. 7 october 2000 – 15 january 2001. catalogue with texts by neal benezra et al. but if you are a young artist, eager to do his first mural painting, you won’t let technical issues like these to get in your way. if there is a will there is a way and if you want to learn how to paint a mural maybe we can help you by introducing some essential tips you should keep in mind before you hit the streets packed only with your talent, good will, and ambition. in the next paragraphs, we are bringing the mastery of mural painting to you step-by-step, in a short preview of the main techniques, tools, materials, supplies and everything else you should know for your first mural project.>