In the not-so-recent past, when someone wanted to buy art, they had to walk into a gallery in a major city. Although Hans Hofmann never joined the American Abstract Artists, he encouraged its membership and sent a letter of support when the organization was formally established. Yet, through his students, who represented not only a significant number of the membership, but an important counterbalance to the geometric formalists, Hofmann’s influence within the group was remarkable. Sunder points out that the art market is no longer about the gallery, but also includes publications, funding and residencies—a market for not getting paid”—and that she is present in some form within this”. Kim, J. (2015). Music therapy with children who have been exposed to ongoing child abuse and poverty: A pilot study. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 24(1), 27-43. His oeuvre is an amalgamation of performance and canvas, and defies easy categorization. As a newly minted postgraduate, he received a scholarship from the ministry of culture and attended the Khoj Peers residency programme, which resulted in a performance titled Being The Other, in which Sonarghare sat in a room surrounded by wheat flour in a spontaneous-gesture performance that stretched on for 10 days—he drew on the floor, on the walls, fought with the flour. My idea was to give myself to the food for 4-5 hours—sweat, tears, hair, time. At the end, our elements were exchanged; the atta on me, me in the atta,” says the artist. Several factors in music make it an excellent accompaniment for exercise, provided it has been selected carefully (Karageorghis & Priest, 2012a; 2012b). First, music facilitates rhythmic entrainment, thereby improving energy efficiency and exercise performance. Second, music elicits the release of feel good hormones, which reduce feelings of discomfort and leads to rewarding experience. Third, music excites the autonomic nervous system and primes multiple systems in the body (cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, sensory-motor, neuroendocrine) for action. Fourth, music evokes positive mood and memories. Fifth, but not final, music diverts our attention away from unpleasant experiences such as fatigue, pain, and boredom (Clark et al., 2016). Magee, W., & Andrews, K. (2007). Multi-disciplinary perceptions of music therapy in complex neuro-rehabilitation. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 14(2), 70-75. Music should be professionally mastered for a particular sound system that is played at the right volume and settings and where the person is in the perfect position in relation to the speakers, so the person hears the song in the exact way that the song was intended to be heard. Equalizer enhancement settings for different types of music like classical music, jazz music or rock music should be imbedded in the soundtrack so that the stereo system knows how to automatically adjust the sound.
Magee, W., Bertolami, M., Kubicek, L., LaJoie, M., Martino, L., Sankowski, A., Townsend, J., Whitehead-Pleaux, A.M., & Zigo, J. (2011). Using music technology in music therapy with populations across the life span in medical and educational programs. Music and Medicine, 3(3), 146-153. A major facet of abstraction in the Arab world is linked to a fascination with the artistic and formal potential of the Arabic letterform. In a departure from classical Islamic calligraphy, a new art movement called Hurufiyya was born, which engaged with the Arabic language as a visual and compositional element. Formal explorations of Arabic alphabets emerged concurrently in several parts of the Islamic world in the 1950s, and Iraqi artist Madiha Umar is often cited as a progenitor of the movement. Umar’s work features manipulated letterforms, deconstructed and overlaid on top of each other to create curvilinear compositions that echo the swirls and rhythms inherent to the script and the gesture of writing itself. While classical Arabic calligraphy is traditionally associated with religious Islamic texts, Hurufiyya artists transformed Arabic letterforms into abstract compositions that could be more readily appreciated by diverse audiences. As scholar Nada Shabout notes, Liberating the Arabic letter from calligraphic rules detached it from the sacred and allowed it to be seen for its plastic qualities.” Yet many artists, including Egyptian Omar El-Nagdi and Sudanese Ibrahim El-Salahi, did not completely divorce themselves from religious or spiritual undertones. El-Nagdi’s artistic explorations between the early 1960s and late 1970s were inextricably linked to Islamic thought and Sufi rituals, characterized by rhythmic abstractions that bear formal semblance to the first letter of the Arabic alphabet, alif, also the first letter in the word Allah (god). El-Salahi’s rhythmic articulation of Arabic alphabets and abstraction of African sculptural forms in his 1964 work The Last Sound references the final sound of a soul’s passage from the corporeal plane to the spiritual plane, and underscores the artist’s commitment to creating art through a spiritual process. Distinct from other artists presented in the exhibition, the Palestinian painter Kamal Boullata engaged not just with individual Arabic letters, but whole phrases, which were often well-known verses derived from Islamic and Christian sacred texts. Koehler, Karen. Art, Life and the Gap In Between.” Art of the Twentieth Century – Selections from the Permanent Collection: The Murray Collection. Exh. cat. Glens Falls, New York: The Hyde Collection, 1993: 11-38.
Lucy Thorp was born and raised in Houston, Texas. She earned her BA in Art History and Spanish, graduating with High Honors from the University of Texas at Austin and has completed graduate studies at the University of Houston. Lucy has worked for the Examiner, Houston, and most recently with the Museum of Fine Arts Houston. Lucy has also been involved in the New Orleans art scene and was a committee member for Prospect.3, one of the largest non-profit biennial of global contemporary art in the United States. Charles “C.M.” Russell was the other great Western painter of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He captured the West on canvas using vivid colors and authentic, accurate details on the people in his paintings. University Art Museum, University of Texas at Austin. Selected Paintings from the Michener Collection. 2 November 1969 – 5 January 1970. Catalogue with texts by James A. Michener and Richard Teller Hirsch. Ashton, Dore, ed. Twentieth-Century Artists on Art (includes artist’s statements). Excerpts from interview of Hofmann by Katharine Kuh in 1962, pp. 217-18. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985. Subtle earth and sea winter colours are arranged with careful consideration. The layering of different paper shapes combines with colour to create a sense of space. The light and dark areas also support this. Paper edges create lines and spaces in the work. We can detect shapes within colours which remind us of drawings. The location of the materials in the picture plane creates a sense of distance as the eye moves upward from the shore out to sea. Once Mary became aware of her increasing ability to alternate breathing and making sounds, in a pattern cued by her tapping ﬁnger, she carried this ability over to pacing syllables and short phrases in speech. Before she started music therapy, she could articulate three-syllable phrases with the help of some cueing to breathe at the initiation of the phrase. She also knew the skills she needed to succeed: breathe, speak slowly, exaggerate articulation, and make a syllable-by-syllable attack. She could repeat single words and phrases, albeit with many attempts at self-correction. In the past decade, scientists have become very interested in studying the effects of sound on the human brain, and parents have rushed to embrace and apply any possible benefit to the development of their children. One of the early studies that spurred a rather heightened curiosity of the benefits of music was dubbed the Mozart Effect.” In 1993, a study by Rauscher et al. was published, which looked at the possible correlations between listening to different types of music and intelligence. Soon after, the study erroneously credited with the notion that listening to classical music, particularly the music of Mozart, made you more intelligent. As a result, people started buying and playing Mozart to their children thinking that this would increase their intelligence. Georgia Governor Zell Miller, in 1998, proposed sending every newborn in the state a copy of a classical CD based on this supposed effect.” The Baby Einstein toy company was also launched in reaction to this study. However, the study only demonstrated a small benefit in the area of spatial reasoning as a result of listening to Mozart, and the limited results showed that a person’s IQ increased for only a brief period of time—no longer than 15 minutes, after which it returned to normal. Other studies have not been able to replicate even the 15-minute bump in IQ.
Style is a distinctive manner which permits the grouping of works into related categories , or any distinctive, and therefore recognizable, way in which an act is performed or an artifact made or ought to be performed and made. It refers to the visual appearance of a work of art that relates it to other works by the same artist or one from the same period, training, location, “school”, art movement or archaeological culture: “The notion of style has long been the art historian’s principal mode of classifying works of art. By style he selects and shapes the history of art”. Style is often divided into the general style of a period, country or cultural group, group of artists or art movement, and the individual style of the artist within that group style. Divisions within both types of styles are often made, such as between “early”, “middle” or “late”. In some artists, such as Picasso for example, these divisions may be marked and easy to see, in others they are more subtle. Style is seen as usually dynamic, in most periods always changing by a gradual process, though the speed of this varies greatly, between the very slow development in style typical of prehistoric art or Ancient Egyptian art to the rapid changes in Modern art styles. Style often develops in a series of jumps, with relatively sudden changes followed by periods of slower development. Robarts, J.Z. (2009). Supporting the Development of Mindfulness and Meaning: Clinical Pathways in Music Therapy with a Sexually Abused Child. In S. Malloch & C. Trevarthen (Eds.), Communicative Musicality: Exploring the Basis of Human Companionship (pp. 377- 400). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Actually, when is about influence, I can’t give a particular name I very much like Caravaggio and he influenced me. Then there are various Old Dutch painters. But, the main influence in my realist art comes from contemporary realist artists who I think are better in depictions, yet, maybe not as good on the crafting-side of making a painting. I mean by that in regards to the use of techniques that ensure a very good and long preservation of paintings. Boer, D., & Abubakar, A. (2014). Music listening in families and peer groups: Benefits for young people’s social cohesion and emotional well-being across four cultures. Frontiers in psychology, 5(392). Harold Septimus Power (1877 -1951) was a New Zealand born, Australian artist who studied art in Paris between 1905 and 1907. He was appointed as an official War Artist, attached to the Australian Imperial Force in 1917, and this excellent oil painting is one of a number of works he produced during this commission. Power is particularly noted for his skills in in depicting horses and other animals.